Shiitake grows in wild woods of China and Japan. He can be met not only on chestnuts, but also on maples, oaks, an ebony. In the ancient time mushrooms shiitake cultivated with great difficulty. Without knowing, as they breed, with mushrooms rubbed cuts on logs and trees. Only in 1940 the effective way of cultivation shiitake on wood with preservation of its useful properties has been invented. Today mushrooms shiitake for the medical purposes impart on logs of a firm tree, and for the food-processing industry grow up on wood sawdust and a rice peel. Therefore mushrooms shiitake, bought in a supermarket though are tasty, almost have no useful properties as only existence in symbiosis with a tree allocates mushrooms with substances useful to the person.
The extract shiitake can be applied to delay and prevention of development of good-quality and malignant tumours. Lentana (from the Latin name shiitake – Lentinus edodes) supports immunity of oncological patients, increasing speed of maturing antineoplastic lymphocytes and strengthening their activity. Virusopodobnye particles shiitake – lingala and linginy – help an organism to struggle with viruses (a herpes, a hepatitis, a flu, a smallpox, a poliomyelitis and even a HIV), bacterial diseases (a tuberculosis, a bronchitis) and fungoid defeats (candidiasis). For a long time with the help shiitake treated a diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (an atherosclerosis, propensity to thrombosis, an ischemic heart trouble, a hypertension) and illnesses of a liver. Active substances shiitake prevent pasting platelet, reduce cholesterol level in blood and reduce a high pressure. Getting into deep layers of a skin, an extract shiitake possesses rejuvenating effect. On its basis strong means from wrinkles are issued.
Shiitake – the most cultivated mushroom in the world. Except the medical purposes, it is widely used in cookery. In east kitchen there is a set of recipes of soups, sauces, seasonings and drinks from shiitake. In Japan of these mushrooms do the yoghurt rich potassium, at the European restaurants shiitake became an irreplaceable product thanks to the caramel to a smell and universality of application. Shiitake contains a considerable quantity of zinc, phosphorus, potassium, gland, copper, calcium, difficult carbohydrates, amino acids and vitamins A, C, B1, B2, especially vitamin D. Dishes with shiitake should be included in the diet to vegetarians who do not have not enough vitamin D and fibers. Power value shiitake– 175-337 kcal. Besides, in China these mushrooms are considered strong aphrodisiac.
In a Japanese cuisine shiitake – the important component of soup miso; in Korea from it prepare marinades for meat; in Thailand shiitake prepare on pair or simply fry. In the European supermarkets sell dried shiitake which are easy for restoring, having lowered in water. Water in which were restored shiitake, can be used for soups, broths or sauces. In recipes dried shiitake it is possible to replace on fresh in a proportion 1:10. Legs of mushrooms shiitake are not used almost in cookery, as they too firm. To store fresh shiitake it is recommended in a refrigerator, in paper packages. Without access of air mushrooms will quickly deteriorate. The day norm shiitake should not exceed 16-20 г dried mushrooms or 160-200 г the fresh. Shiitake- unique mushrooms which can cause allergic reaction, therefore begin acquaintance to them since small portions. Pregnant women should not take a great interest shiitake as they contain a considerable quantity of the active substances which action on a fruit is not studied yet.
Meytake (Grifola frondosa – grifola curly) – the curative mushroom second for popularity in Japan. For the freakish form this mushroom is named a Mushroom-oven Dancing the Mushroom or the Tail of the Turkey. Meytake grows the big colonies to 60 sm in diameter, giving to 10 kg of mushrooms. In the ancient time any who found “deposit” meytake, provided to itself(himself) a comfortable life. Sites where these mushrooms grew, protected from extraneous eyes. Meytake it is appreciated its refined taste and medical properties. Though in east medicine this mushroom is used some millenia, its studying in Europe has begun only 30 years ago, therefore its many useful properties remain not proved.
Curative properties possess not only mushrooms, but also their underground part (mycelium). The extract from a mycelium meytake strengthens immunity, and hats of these mushrooms are capable to regulate pressure, the maintenance of glucose, insulin and bilirubin in blood, to restore balance of sexual hormones at endocrine diseases, to reduce level of cholesterol and to promote disposal of excess weight. Meytake it can be used for preventive maintenance and treatment of infectious and bacterial diseases. Mushrooms meytake are rich with minerals (potassium, calcium, magnesium), vitamins (B2, D2), cellulose and amino acids. According to the newest researches, meytake can prevent development of tumours and lower chemotherapy by-effects.
Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) it is considered a mushroom of immortality and the strong means giving spiritual force. There is a set of subspecies reishi, many of which are not studied yet. Mushrooms reishicontain only 75 % of water while many other mushrooms on 90 % consist of water. Unlike many other mushrooms, medical properties reishi are concentrated in legs, instead of in hats. For the first time mushrooms reishi have been described about 2000 years ago. Ancient Chinese doctors carried them to medicines of the first category which restore balance of an organism and have no by-effects.
Reishi, as well as other mushrooms in east medicine, it is used for strengthening of immunity, struggle against a cancer and many chronic diseases caused by infringements of circulation of liquids in an organism. Mushrooms reishi stabilise pressure, cholesterol and sugar in blood, prevent infectious diseases and even treat such indispositions as a sleeplessness and cold. Mushrooms reishi are very effective at allergy treatment. The extract reishi also can be applied to treatment of infringements of nervous system.
Cordyceps sinensis – the Chinese Caterpillar Mushroom – grows in mountains at height to 5000 m. This mushroom is interesting to that “eats” caterpillars, killing them and growing from their body. To cultivate cordiceps it is uneasy, therefore it long time remained very expensive and unknown outside of China. In the Chinese medicine this mushroom is used for balance and toning by In and Jan. It calms emotions, suppresses development of tumours and inflammations, operates as an antibiotic, regulates neuroendocrine system, deduces toxins, intestinal poisons and radionuclides, stops bleedings and causes blood inflow there where it is necessary. One of the basic applications cordyceps– as aphrodisiak for men and women. Sportsmen accept an extract cordyceps for increase of endurance and the prompt restoration after loadings.
Coriolus versicolor, the Foggy Mushroom or Babochkino the Wing is used for clarification of an organism from toxins, strengthening of functions of a liver and a spleen and immunity strengthening. This mushroom does not differ flavouring qualities and is grown up only for the medical purposes. Coriolys it is rich polysugars, raising protective properties of an organism.
At treatment by mushrooms remember that in spite of the fact that these means are checked up in the millenia, reactions of each organism can be unpredictable. Before beginning treatment of serious disease, consult with the doctor and begin treatment with small doses.